The Amazing Nazca Lines
Nazca Lines Landing Strip? Published: 10:57 AM 01-24-11

The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru.

They were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.

The high, arid plateau stretches more than 80 kilometres (50 mi) between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the Pampas de Jumana about 400 km south of Lima.

Although some local geoglyphs resemble Paracas motifs, scholars believe the Nazca Lines were created by the Nazca culture between 400 and 650 AD.

The hundreds of individual figures range in complexity from simple lines to stylized hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, fish, sharks or orcas, llamas, and lizards.

Etched if by giants the lines are shallow designs made in the ground by removing the ubiquitous reddish pebbles and uncovering the whitish ground beneath.

Nazca Lines Monkey Hundreds are simple lines or geometric shapes; more than seventy are designs of animal, bird, fish or human figures. The largest figures are over 200 metres (660 ft) across.

Scholars differ in interpreting the purpose of the designs, but they generally ascribe religious significance to them.

The geometric designs could indicate the flow of water or be connected to rituals to summon water.

The spiders, birds, and plants could be fertility symbols. Other possible explanations include: irrigation schemes or giant astronomical calendars.

Due to the dry, windless and stable climate of the plateau and its isolation, for the most part the lines have been preserved. Extremely rare changes in weather may temporarily alter the general designs.

Excavations in the surrounding mountains are uncovering extraordinary clues about the people who made them and why.

Archaeologist Christina Conlee recently made an extraordinary find: the skeleton of a young male, ceremonially buried but showing gruesome evidence of decapitation.

In place of the missing human head, a ceramic “head jar” decorated with a striking image of a decapitated head with a tree sprouting from its skull.

Conlee wonders who this person was? Why was he beheaded and yet buried with honor. Was he a captive taken in battle, or could he have been a willing sacrifice? And did his decapitation have anything to do with the lines?

The discovery of large caches of human heads adds grisly weight to Conlee’s theories and helps unravel one of man’s great mysteries.

Nazca Lines Dog

Nazca Lines Landing Strip?

Nazca Lines Ancient Astronaut?

Nazca Lines Spider

Nazca Lines Hummingbird

Source & References:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazca_Lines

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