Published: 9:14 AM- 01-25-11
Pumapunku, also called “Puma Punku” or “Puma Puncu”, is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku, Bolivia.
In Aymara, its name means, “The Door of the Cougar”.
The ruins of Puma Punku are one of four structures in the ancient city of Tiahuanaco. The others three structures are; The Akapana Pyramid, the Kalasasaya Platform, and the Subterranean Temple.
The processes and technologies involved in the creation of these temples are still not fully understood by modern scholars.
Our current ideas of the Tiwanaku culture hold that they had no writing system and also that the invention of the wheel was most likely unknown to them.
The architectural achievements seen at Pumapunku are striking in light of the presumed level of technological capability available during its construction.
Due to the monumental proportions of the stones, the method by which they were transported to Pumapunku has been a topic of interest since the temple's discovery.
Puma Punku, truly startles the imagination. It seems to be the remains of a great wharf (for Lake Titicaca long ago lapped upon the shores of Tiahuanaco) and a massive, four-part, now collapsed building.
One of the construction blocks from which the pier was fashioned weighs an estimated 440 tons (equal to nearly 600 full-size cars) and several other blocks laying about are between 100 and 150 tons.
The quarry for these giant blocks was on the western shore of Titicaca, some ten miles away.
There is no known technology in all the ancient world that could have transported stones of such massive weight and size.
Smaller andesite blocks that were used for stone facing and carvings came from quarries within the Copacabana Peninsula about 90 km away from and across Lake Titicaca from the Pumapunka and the rest of the Tiwanaku Site.
The Andean people of 500 AD, with their simple reed boats, could certainly not have moved them. Even today, with all the modern advances in engineering and mathematics, we could not fashion such a structure.
How did this ancient civilization accomplish this amazing feat? The simple answer; we have absolutely no idea who did all this, or even how they could have done it.
There have been a few suggestions, but as you could imagine, they are widely criticized for the most part.
One suggestion has been made that there had to have been some kind of ancient aliens who interceded on humanity's behalf, and our ancestors learned how to do all of this from them.
There are actual records of mythical origin, regarding gods and the part that they took in the creation of these places.
How do we have certain mythical records, yet no records of plans or writing that contributed to the creation of these places?
Another suggestion, is that a cataclysmic event such as a flood, wiped out these ancient peoples along with any records they may have kept.
There is some evidence to support this suggestion. Perhaps these ancient people were technologically advanced at some point, and all but a few were wiped out by a major flood.
The remnant would have had to start civilization all over again, and of course the ancient records would be lost.
These may be stretches of the imagination, but places like Puma Punku were constructed somehow, and if it would be very difficult for us today to build a place like Puma Punku, then how did these ancient people accomplish it?
Did they have advanced technology similar to ours, and then die off?
Puma Punku is one of many great structures of our world that defy explanation. The existence of these mysterious sites suggest that these accomplishments could only been achieved with help from a higher power. Perhaps from beyond the stars.
The amazing ruins of Puma Punku and it people remain a mystery.